exercise

n.行使,执行,运动,练习,作业vt.运用,练习,运动vi.练习,锻炼【医】操练,运动【经】行使,执行(权力等)动词过去式:exercise...


n. 行使, 执行, 运动, 练习, 作业
vt. 运用, 练习, 运动
vi. 练习, 锻炼
【医】 操练, 运动
【经】 行使, 执行(权力等)动词过去式:exercised 过去分词:exercised 现在分词:exercising 第三人称单数:exercises 形容词:exercisable 
drill, exercise, practice, training, discipline
这些名词都有“练习、训练、锻炼”之意。
drill: 侧重进行有系统的,严格和重复的练习。
exercise: 主要指为强壮体魄而进行的锻炼,也可指进行练习以保持已经获得的技巧。
practice: 指把所学的理论或知识用于实践以获得技艺与技巧。
training: 普通用词,泛指为从事某种职业而进行的身体或智力方面的训练。
discipline: 既可指训练又可指为达到某种熟练程度而进行约束。

名词 exercise:

  1. the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
    同义词:exercising, physical exercise, physical exertion, workout
  2. the act of using
    同义词:use, usage, utilization, utilisation, employment
  3. systematic training by multiple repetitions
    同义词:practice, drill, practice session, recitation
  4. a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding
    同义词:example
  5. (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches

动词 exercise:

  1. put to use
    同义词:exert
  2. carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
    同义词:practice, practise, do
  3. give a workout to
    同义词:work, work out
  4. do physical exercise
    同义词:work out
  5. learn by repetition
    同义词:drill, practice, practise
  1. If you don't get more exercise, you'll get fat.
    如果你不多作运动,就会发胖。
  2. What others think exercises a great influence on most of us.
    别人怎样想对我们多半会产生很大影响。

ex.er.cise

n.(名词)
An act of employing or putting into play; use:
运用:应用或运用的行为;使用:
例句:
the free exercise of intellect; the exercise of an option.
智力的自由运用;买卖权的运用

The discharge of a duty, function, or office.
履行职责:任务、责任或职责的履行
Activity that requires physical or mental exertion, especially when performed to develop or maintain fitness:
锻炼身体:为发展或保持身体健康而采取的运用心智或体力的运动:
例句:
took an hour of vigorous daily exercise at a gym.
在健身房进行一小时的日常健身锻炼

A task, problem, or other effort performed to develop or maintain fitness or increase skill:
练习,操练:为提高或保持身体健康或增强技巧而完成的任务、难题或其他努力:
例句:
a piano exercise; a memory exercise.
钢琴练习;记忆练习

exercises A program that includes speeches, presentations, and other ceremonial activities performed before an audience:
exercises 典礼,仪式:在观众面前表演的包括讲演、发奖和其它仪式性活动的一套程序:
例句:
graduation exercises.
毕业典礼

v.(动词)
ex.er.cised,ex.er.cis.ing,ex.er.cis.es
v.tr.(及物动词)
To put into play or operation; employ:
使用;运用:
例句:
Proceed, but exercise caution.
前进,但要小心

To bring to bear; exert:
对…施加;发挥:
例句:
.The desire to be re-elected exercises a strong brake on independent courage.(John F. Kennedy)
.重新选举的要求给独立的勇气带来了极大的阻碍.(约翰F.肯尼迪)



To subject to practice or exertion in order to train, strengthen, or develop:
锻炼:为训练、增强或提高而实践或运用:
例句:
exercise the back muscles; exercise the memory.
锻炼背部肌肉;训练记忆力

To put through exercises:
训练:
例句:
exercise a platoon.See Synonyms at practice
训练一个排参见 practice

To carry out the functions of; execute:
执行:实现…的功能;执行:
例句:
exercise the role of disciplinarian.
充当训练者的角色



To absorb the attentions of, especially by worry or anxiety.
引起忧虑:吸引…的注意力,特别是因为烦恼和焦虑
To stir to anger or alarm; upset:
激怒:使愤怒或警觉;使不安:
例句:
an injustice that exercised the whole community.
一项不公正的行为激起了整个社会的愤怒

v.intr.(不及物动词)
To take exercise.
进行锻炼

来源:
Middle English
中古英语
from Old French exercice
源自 古法语 exercice
from Latin exercitium
源自 拉丁语 exercitium
from exercitus [past participle of] exercôre [to exercise]
源自 exercitus [] exercôre的过去分词 [练习]
ex- [ex-]
ex- [前缀,表.从前的,前任的.]
arcôre [to restrain]
arcôre [抑制]

【引伸】
ex.ercis.able
adj.(形容词)

加载中...

相关文章